Shanghailanders living the city in the late 1930’s and 1940’s often left a home that they could never return to. Exiled from their motherland, they recreated their life in other places back in their home country or moving on to new places like the USA and Australia. Life in this city had a strong mark on them and they never seem to have forgotten the incredible city that was old Shanghai. Some wrote the story of their life and their lost city creating books that were a true picture of Shanghai life, or sometimes mere fiction mixed with a few true facts. I reviewed Sin City from North China Daily News reporter Ralph Shaw in a earlier post. This post is about “Shanghai Saga” written by John Pal, reporter of the competitor Shanghai Times.
John Pal arrived in Shanghai to be employed by the Imperial Customs in 1920. At that time customs administration was delegated to foreigners, initially under the control of Sir Robert Hart. All of the customs officers were foreigners mostly British but also French, Italians, Scandinavians and Japanese. John Pal’s experience of the customs services organisation and his daily experience make the book a really interesting read. China had only a 5% duty for import AND export thus, “Any Tom, Dick or Harry could afford to drink the finest wines and puff the choicest of imported cigards” and “liquor was so cheap that rum runners came from the United States” to buy liquor in Shanghai to export it back to the USA. At the same time, Shanghai saw a massive smuggling activity, mostly for opium and other drugs. John Pal certainly gives a first had account on trying to stop smuggling in”continually up against some of the world’s trickiest smugglers”. “Ships from certain countries, or port of call, were always suspected of bringing narcotics” including Vladivostock and Haiphong in French IndoChina (today Vietnam). In his duty, John Pal also worked on the export side, inspecting ships departing and making sure that only the declared goods were loaded in.
John Pal left the customs administration in 1927, as China was taking back control of it… but his story does not stop at that point. He became a reporter for the Shanghai Times, being invited to many parties and official celebrations. Each country was throwing parties for national days of celebration and other opportunities. “If a man cared to, he could live on the free handouts from Shanghai’s annual celebration – and live high. The numerous nationals of our city magnified their celebrative days into grandiose fireworks and champagne binges.” This does not seem so different from today permanent corporate and national parties occupying a lot of people’s social agenda. He also took a job as kernel manager for the French Canidrome, getting involved in the grey world of gambling in Shanghai. John Pal left Shanghai in 1939 as the War in Europe seemed inevitable and he could see how Japan would turn on Shanghai. I don’t think he lived long enough to see the new Shanghai as it is today. I am sure he would be amazed of the difference between Shanghai old and new but also of some the striking similarities. Somehow Shanghai spirit just never changed.
Shanghai Saga is an excellent source for information about Old Shanghai. The difficulty to find the book make it even more worthwhile.